Antarctica is an amazing giant continent at the south pole of our globe. Braving winter temperatures of over a hundred degrees Fahrenheit below zero, a few thousand people live there at any given time. And because, like most people, they have spiritual needs, there are a number of chapels at various government bases.
It just so happens that the southernmost chapel is a Catholic chapel at the Argentinian Belgrano II Base. And it has a unique attribute: it is carved out of pure ice.
That’s right, it’s in a permanent ice cave.
The first Belgrano base was built in the 1950s, but had to be abandoned since the ice on which it was built wasn’t stable enough. Finding good places for permanent bases is tough since 98% of Antartica is covered in ice. Fortunately, the Argentine government found about a hectare of ice-free land close by, and Belgrano II Base was opened in 1979.
Nonetheless, in some ice nearby, people dug out a system of tunnels, and built a Catholic chapel inside. It is still apparently used by scientists working on the base today.
Here is what the entrance to the tunnels looks like:
And here’s what part of the tunnel system looks like inside:
And here are some more pictures of the chapel:
This cave church with walls made of ice is the Southernmost place of worship of any religion in the world. It is the permanent Catholic church for an all-year round Argentinian base and scientific research station founded in 1955 on Coat’s Island. As a result of its latitude, both day and night here are four months long and the night sky often displays the aurora australis.
Argentina’s Belgrano II Base at Coat’s Island is the southernmost house of worship — of any religion — and is entirely made of ice blocks. Built in 1955, it’s used year-round by the scientists, soldiers and staff of the Argentine military base and research station on the island. A wedding was conducted in the chapel on January 29, 2007, for two researchers, a Chilean and a Russian.
Let them give thanks to the LORD for his unfailing love and his wonderful deeds for mankind, for He satisfies the thirsty and fills the hungry with good things (Psalm 107:8-9)